Hasbrouck-Tindal Table Of Oral Reading Fluency Norms
By Jan Hasbrouck and Gerald Tindal
Jan Hasbrouck and Gerald Tindal completed an extensive study of oral reading fluency in 2004. The results of their study are published in a technical report entitled, “Oral Reading Fluency: 90 Years of Measurement,” which is available on the University of Oregon’s website.
This table shows the oral reading fluency rates of students in grades 1through 8 as determined by Hasbrouck and Tindal’s data.
You can use the information in this table to draw conclusions and make decisions about the oral reading fluency of your students. Students scoring below the 50th percentile using the average score of two unpracticed readings from grade-level materials need a fluency-building program. In addition, teachers can use the table to set the long-term fluency goals for their struggling readers.
*WCPM = Words Correct Per Minute
**Average weekly improvement is the average words per week growth expected from a student. It was calculated by dividing the difference between the fall and spring scores by 32, the typical number of weeks between the fall and spring assessments. For grade 1, since there is no fall assessment, the average weekly improvement was calculated by dividing the difference between the winter and spring scores by 16, the typical number of weeks between the winter and spring assessments.